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Fostering Green Communities Through Civic Engagement: Community-Based Environmental Stewardship in the Portland Area.

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TitleFostering Green Communities Through Civic Engagement: Community-Based Environmental Stewardship in the Portland Area.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsShandas, V, Messer BW
JournalJournal of the American Planning Association
Volume74
Issue4
Pagination408 - 418
ISSN01944363
KeywordsCITIES & towns – Growth, CITY planning, community-based, community-university partnerships, ECOLOGY, Ecosystem management, ENVIRONMENTAL management, GREEN movement, RESTORATION ecology, steward-ship, stewardship, urban water-sheds, urban watersheds, WATERSHED management, WATERSHED restoration
Abstract

Problem: Urban development can fragment natural habitats, alter hydrologic systems, and modify energy flows and nutrient cycles. The literature on mitigating ecological impacts of urban development contains extensive support for engineered infrastructure, but few studies have characterized the factors that foster effective involvement of community members in urban ecological restoration. Purpose: This article aims to explain why one community-initiated environmental stewardship program has been successful, and offers lessons on how to use community resources to establish similar programs elsewhere. We ask: (1) How can citizens become more involved in the stewardship of their local watershed? (2) What is the optimal mix of local technical expertise and community capacity? and (3) What innovations and accommodations must public agencies make to improve community involvement in environmental stewardship? Methods: We draw on data from surveys, interviews, and participant reports from 12 y

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